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Monday, 06 December 2021
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PUNTA ESPINOZA

PUNTA ESPINOZA               

Permitted Uses: Performing group visits with naturalist guide visitors

Photography and filming Guided walks ancillary activities authorized by the Galapagos National Park in the itineraries of vessels authorized

Fernandina is the third largest island in the archipelago and has a single visitor site: Punta Espinoza located in the north-eastern tip of the island.

Punta Espinoza is a narrow ledge of lava and sand that extends from the base of the volcano to the sea. There is a vivid description given by Captain Benjamin Morrell, who from his anchorage in Banks Bay, witnessed and recorded an eruption of Fernandina in the early 1820s that probably gave rise to the tip. In 1975, there was a rise of about 90 cm, which is why the pier built for landing, can only be used at high tide.

The last recorded eruption on the island occurred in May 2005, the same that lasted three days. The most explosive eruption was in 1968, where two-thirds of the floor of the caldera collapsed inward to a depth of 300m. Then there have been eruptions of 1972 and 1973 (mild and effusive), in 1977 (collapse of the caldera). In 1986 (light activity) and in 1988 (collapse in the South-East side) in November 1991 (ash cloud - eruption), in 1995 (effusive along a fissure).

Punta Espinoza is a famous site for its large colonies of marine iguanas and as the habitat of unique species like the flightless cormorant, the Galapagos penguin, Galapagos hawk, Galapagos snake, among others. It is an ideal place to observe the lava cactus (Brachycerus nesioticus) site, the same young growing on lava and survive with very little water.

In the past this site you could find two land iguanas, but in 1989 died of starvation. These iguanas down the flanks of the volcano, where they are numerous.

In 1825 an American ship, the TARTAR, was anchored in Bay Banks and witnessed a very strong eruption on Fernandina. The lava reached the sea and the temperature rose to 50 ° C and the sea at 40 ° C. Having been caught in the bay for a whole night, the ship escaped to the south and as they passed Fernandina the temperature rose to 65 ° C, the pitch of calafeteado the ship began to leak and to melt. Two weeks later Fernandina still active.

Special indications

Fernandina is the only island that does not have any mammal introduced. Be careful not to carry introduced organisms to land or food of any kind. The area open to visitors is very fragile, stay on the trail all the time.

At the time of nesting marine iguanas (January to June) that one must be very careful not to step on their nests (holes in the sand). These reptiles nest in the sand and sometimes cover the entire area.

Staying within 2m of cormorants and penguins.

Disembark when Merea is high; if Merea this low can not use the dock and disembark touches on the rocks.

OUR BEST GALAPAGOS LAST MINUTE DEALS FOR DECEMBER, JANUARY AND FEBRUARY

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ALYA CATAMARAN (LUXURY CLASS)

JANUARY 06 - 10 / 5 DAYS / IT. A - $3477**

LA PINTA YACHT (DELUXE CRUISE)

DECEMBER 20 - 24 / 5 DAYS / IT. NORTH - $1999

ECOGALAXY II (FIRST CLASS)

JANUARY 08 - 13 / 6 DAYS / IT. B - $3910**

FRAGATA (TOURIST SUPERIOR)

DECEMBER 03 - 07 / 5 DAYS / IT. B - $1200

SAMBA (TOURIST SUPERIOR)

DECEMBER 14 - 21 / 8 DAYS / IT. SE - $2440

NATURAL PARADISE (LUXURY CLASS)

DECEMBER 04 - 07 / 4 DAYS / IT. A - $1473

TREASURE OF GALAPAGOS (FIRST CLASS)

DECEMBER 10 - 14 / 5 DAYS / IT. A - $1995

SEASTAR YACHT (LUXURY CLASS)

DECEMBER 02 - 07 / 6 DAYS / IT. C - $3877

SANTA CRUZ II (DELUXE CRUISE)

DECEMBER 20 - 24 / 5 DAYS / IT.NORTH - $1949

ANAHI YACHT (FIRST CLASS)

NOVEMBER 30 - DEC 03 / 4 DAYS /IT. A1 - $1200 (1 PAX)

GALAXY YACHT (FIRST CLASS)

DECEMBER 18 - 21 / 4DAYS / IT. A - $2047**

CORMORANT (LUXURY CLASS)

DECEMBER 11 - 15 / 5 DAYS / IT. A - $2423

GRAND MAJESTIC (LUXURY CLASS)

DECEMBER 06 - 13 / 8 DAYS / IT. A - $2973

NEMO II (FIRST CLASS)

DECEMBER 09-12 / 4DAYS / IT. SOUTH- $1050

OUR LOCATION IN QUITO

GALAPAGOS TOURS AND CRUISES
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